Victory Definition Essays

This is a collection of essays published over the past six years, mostly in Commentary, by the author of the controversial The Pentagon and the Art of War. Admirers of that hard-hitting ciriticism of the U.S. defense establishment will find this work especially interesting for its broader focus on strategy and military policy in the political context. In the title piece, Luttwak, a senior fellow at Georgetown University's Center for Strategic and International Studies, argues with heavy irony that "The West has become comfortably habituated to defeat. Victory is viewed with great suspicion, if not outright hostility." In "The East-West Struggle," an illuminating overview of military balance in 198385, the "inability of the greater powers to impose a modicum of order in world affairs" is discussed. The book also includes thought-provoking reviews of Jonathan Schell's The Fate of the Earth, Zbigniew Brzezinski's Power and Principle and Fred Kaplan's The Wizards of Armageddon.
Copyright 1986 Reed Business Information, Inc. --This text refers to an out of print or unavailable edition of this title.

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... “Civilized” is often used to denote, in propaganda most notably, a high standard of moral regard. For instance, if two countries are fighting one may use propaganda to sway their citizens they are fighting as a civilized nation, one on the righteous side of the battle, while the other side is uncivilized and barbaric. However, defining civilization based on specific moral values is too subjective and arbitrary. Civilization is a concept of man-made societal standards in the most refined culture; man-made because civilization is defined by wide cultural and socioeconomic differences between peoples/nations. Therefore, a civilized person abides by societal standards. Being a civilized individual is relative to the society or nation to which the individual belongs. In Brave New World by Aldous Huxley, Linda is a character who lives in the developed, technologically advanced World State until she becomes trapped on a Savage Reservation. Discussing her experience first adjusting to the new society she recounts; “How it used to upset me, all that dirt, and nothing being aseptic. I had an awful cut on my head when they first brought me here. You can’t imagine what they used to put on it. Filth, just filth. ’Civilization is Sterilization,’ I used to say to them” (Huxley 81). In this case, Linda is civilized because she is adhering to the societal norms she was conditioned to accept; “civilization is sterilization’ is a mantra she was taught in her sleep as a child so the...

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